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Consequences of Bullying Involvement

Bullying affects many aspects of the lives of those involved in bullying, such as their psychological and physical well-being, school performance, behavioral difficulties, and peer relationships. Some of the most common consequences of bullying for the aggressors, victims, and bystanders can be found in the tables below.

The school environment is also affected by bullying. Schools with high rates of bullying experience:

  • Higher rates of truancy
  • Lower academic performance.
  • Lower levels of perceived teacher support
  • Lack of rule clarity and enforcement
  • More safety concerns
  • Lower levels of student respect for one another
  • Poorer student-teacher relationships and school bonding

Thus, acts of bullying are a school-wide problem and warrant the attention of school administrators, teachers, parents, and students alike.

Common Consequences for Victims

Psychological Impact Behavioral Difficulties School Performance Peer Relationships Physical Impact
Loneliness Delinquency Academic Achievement Rejection Frequent Nurse Visits
Depression Emotion Dysregulation Negative School Attitudes Isolation Illnesses
Suicidality Hyperactivity Truancy Affiliate with other rejected youth Injuries
Anxiety Argumentative Absenteeism   Somatic Complaints
Low Self-Esteem Substance Use Dropping Out    

 

Common Consequences for Bullies

Psychological Impact Behavioral Difficulties School Performance Peer Relationships Physical Impact
Anger Delinquency Dislike School High conflict friendships Frequent Nurse Visits
Depression Aggression     Illnesses
Hostility Hyperactivity     Injuries
  Violence     Somatic Complaints
  Criminality      
  Substance Use      

 

Common Consequences for Bystanders

Psychological Impact Behavioral Difficulties School Performance Peer Relationships Physical Impact
Depression Substance Use Absenteeism Isolation Somatic Complaints
Anxiety        
Hostility        
Suicidality        

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