What is Bullying
According to Kansas statute 72-8256
- Intentional, negative actions intended to harm another person (i.e., aggression)
- Severe, persistent or pervasive acts
Experts also suggests that bullying involves an existing power differential between those who bully and those who are victimized.
Forms of bullying behavior
- Physical bullying – Hitting, pushing, tackling, tripping, poking, tugging or tearing at clothes
- Verbal bullying – Calling of names, making verbal threats of physical acts (whether or not they are carried out)
- Attacks on property – writing on lockers, taking objects to keep or display publicly, destruction of property
- Social or relational bullying – ostracism, social exclusion, gossip/"trash talking"/rumor spreading; nonverbal gestures such as eye rolling, directed laughter, mimicking
- Cyber bullying – circulating electronic images or videos, insulting text messages; harassment through online games; harassment through social media (e.g. Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, vivo)
How frequent is bullying?
- Approximately 19% of children engage in bullying behavior.
- Approximately 60% of youth report experiencing peer victimization.
- As many as 10-20% of youth experience chronic victimization by their peers.
- Virtually all children will be a witness or bystander to bullying behavior.
Where Bullying Most commonly takes place
Acts of bullying are most likely to take place in situations in which monitoring is limited. Bullying is not limited to school grounds. In fact cyberbullying can take place anytime and any place. Below is a list of hot spots that have been identified by children:
- After-school programs
- Buses to/from school and to/from school-sponsored events