What is cyberbullying?
Cyberbullying is any intentional negative action or threat inflicted through the use of electronic communication devices including, but not limited to, e-mail, instant messaging, text messages, social media sites, blogs, mobile phones, pagers, online games, and websites.
Research suggests a significant relationship between school-based bullying and cyberbullying, with approximately 40-80% of youth reporting that they are subjected to both cyber and traditional bullying.
Some forms of cyberbullying behavior include:
- Online harassment is the sending of repetitive abusive messages
- Cyberstalking entails continuous harassing messages and threats that lead an individual to fear for his/her safety
- Denigration is the posting of insulting or false information with the intent of humiliating the victim or harming his/her reputation and friendships
- Impersonation is using another individual’s online identity to send or post inappropriate or humiliating information about others
- Outing is the forwarding or posting of private information
- Trickery is where an individual is tricked into revealing confidential information that is then shared with others
- Exclusion is leaving the victim out of or excluding him/her from an online group or community
- Griefing is bullying others in online gaming communities
- Trolling is the continuous posting of offensive comments on a website